Operator’s Manual for the
Ophthalmic YAG Laser System
Litechnica Ltd, Kirby House, 122 Heston Road, Heston, Middlesex, TW5 0QU, U.K. T: 020 8577 2450, F: 020 8572 8292, W: www.litechnica.co.uk
Operator’s Manual for the
Ophthalmic YAG Laser System
Directive: Doc. No.: Rev. No.: 1
93/42/EEC YL0401-9000 14
Operator’s Manual for the SYL9000 Ophthalmic YAG Laser Clinicians and Doctors should ensure that they are adequately trained in the procedures that the SYL9000 YAG Laser will be used for prior to operating the equipment. This Operators Manual should be studied and understood before proceeding to operate the equipment on patients.
Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
Any unauthorized modification to the SYL9000 Ophthalmic YAG Laser will result in the necessity for it to be reclassified
U.S. law restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician.
This Operators Manual contains confidential and proprietary information of the Manufacturer. Manufactured by: LightMed Corporation, No.1-1, Lane 1, Pao-An Street Section 3, Shulin City, Taipei 238, Taiwan WEB Address: www.lightmed.com Copyright © LightMed Corporation EU Representative: MT Promedt Consulting Gmbh, Altenhofstr.80 D-66386 St. Ingbert, Germany Document Title:
Operators Manual for the SYL9000 Ophthalmic YAG Laser
Document Revision History: DRAFT August 1998
Add Iridotomy Indications for Use
Released. Update drawings and add details
Released. Update specification of Aiming
Released. Updated for CE Mark.
Released. Updated to include Premio options
Released. Update for Software Version 1.1
Update for Drawings
Document Revision History: Revision 08 March 2003
Update for Drawings
Modify Safety Glass description and Delete Warranty Statement, IEC Standard rev. change
Change EU Representative to ALFA in ITALY. Slitlamp Leica Xcel 200 change to CSO 950
Change Control Box for AC power voltage full Range from 100 to 230vac 50/60Hz & Repetition Rate 2.5Hz single pulse and add Error 10 message for Software Version 2.0
Change EU Representative to MT Promedt Consulting Gmbh in Germany
Change IEC825.1 to TEC60825 and 6.3.2 Iridotomy (hole in the Iris)
Delete the wrong description about the voltage changer.
Contents of Manual SECTION 1.
INTRODUCTION ........................................................ 7
SAFETY ......................................................................... 9
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7
Product Classifications .............................................................................. 9 Conformance to Standards ........................................................................ 9 Warnings and Precautions ....................................................................... 10 Optical Hazards ....................................................................................... 10 Electrical Hazards.................................................................................... 12 Safety Controls and Features ................................................................... 12 Product Labeling ..................................................................................... 16
SECTION 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3
SECTION 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION .............................. 23
General Description ................................................................................. 23 Ophthalmic YAG Laser Controls and Displays ...................................... 27 CSO 950 Slitlamp Controls ..................................................................... 32 Start up and operation of the Laser System ............................................. 34
SECTION 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ............................... 19
SYL9000 System Specification ............................................................... 19 CSO 950 Slitlamp Specifications ............................................................ 20 Optional Accessories ............................................................................... 21
INSTALLATION ........................................................ 37
Introduction and Requirements ............................................................... 37 Unpacking and Receiving Inspection ...................................................... 38 Tools and Equipment .............................................................................. 40 Unpacking and Setting Up the System .................................................... 41 Installation Checklist and Report ............................................................ 45
CLINICAL USE.......................................................... 47
6.1 Use of the SYL9000 System as a Slitlamp Microscope .......................... 47 6.2 Use as an Ophthalmic YAG Laser .......................................................... 48 6.3 Indications for Use .................................................................................. 50 6.3.1 Posterior Capsulotomy and Pupillary Membranectomy.................. 51 6.3.2 Posterior Capsulotomy and Pupillary Membranectomy.................. 57
SECTION 7. 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5
MAINTENANCE ........................................................ 63
Operator / User Maintenance .................................................................. 63 Routine Maintenance Procedures ............................................................ 63 Calibration Procedures ............................................................................ 67 Trouble Shooting Guide .......................................................................... 71 Error and Warning Messages .................................................................. 72
LIST OF DRAWINGS / FIGURES
Safety and Controls Labels
YAG Laser Focusing for Treatment
YAG Laser Controls and Displays
CSO 950 Slitlamp Controls
Assembly of YAG Laser System
Assembly of YAG Laser System
Positioning the Slitlamp Cables
Exploded View of SYL9000 for Installation
Laser Beams Alignment Checks
YAG Laser Beams Offset Focus Checks
Installation Record Sheet
Energy Calibration Record Sheet
Section 1. INTRODUCTION This manual is intended to provide the operator with an overview of the operation and safety requirements for the SYL9000 Ophthalmic YAG Laser. This manual is not intended to provide instructions on actual treatment procedures and it is expected that users will have undertaken training prior to using the equipment. The Manufacturer and Distribution organization assume no liability through the use of this Laser system. All care has been taken in the preparation and checking of this manual however there is no guarantee provided that all information is correct. The information provided in this manual is subject to change without notice. Only accessories that are approved for the SYL9000 may be used. The manufacturer and Distribution organization shall not be held liable or responsible for damages or injury caused as a result of using non approved accessories. All maintenance and service must be carried out by authorized service agents and only those procedures outline in the Operator and Service manuals are allowed. Any service work carried out by non authorized persons will void all warranties. No Circuit Diagrams or component part lists are supplied with the SYL9000. If you require technical documentation that is not provided in this manual then please contact the Manufacturer or your local Distributor in writing with your reasons for wanting them and then a copy of the service manual may be provided. Before using the SYL9000 YAG Laser system the operator should read this manual carefully and pay particular attention to the sections on Safety, Operation and Maintenance.
Contents 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5
Classifications Warnings Optical Hazards Safety Controls and Features Product Labeling
This Laser has been designed and tested to function safely and correctly when used as indicated in this manual. Do not use this laser before reading and understanding completely the Operators Manual. It is important to remember that this laser emits high levels of invisible laser radiation which can cause permanent and irreparable eye and tissue damage. Always observe precautions for laser safety including using warning signs, safety glasses and only operating the laser in a safe environment that provides protection to casual observers. When servicing the SYL9000 YAG Laser always observe Safety precautions and warnings as indicated in this manual. When not viewing through the binoculars and in particular when the cover is removed from the Laser Arm wear safety glasses of OD5 or greater @ 1064nm to protect your eyes.
2.1 Product Classifications
The SYL9000 YAG Laser is a Class IIIB laser product as specified in the IEC standard 60825.1 (2001) and the USA 21 CFR 1040.10, 1040.11.
The SYL9000 YAG Laser is classified as Class I Type B Electromedical equipment as specified in the IEC Standard 60601.1.
The SYL9000 YAG Laser is classified as a Class II device according to the FDA CFR21 regulations.
The SYL9000 YAG Laser is classified as a Class IIB Medical Device according to the MDD (93/42/EEC).
The SYL9000 YAG Laser has been EMC tested and approved according to the requirements of the international standard IEC60601.1.2.
2.2 Conformance to Standards The SYL9000 device has been designed and built to comply with the requirements of the following standards:
Laser standards EN 60825-1:1998+A1:2002+A2:2001 USA 21 CFR 1040.10, 1040.11 (1997) EN 60601-1-2-22:1996 9
Electrical standards IEC 60601-1:1988+A1:1991+A2:1995 EN 60601-1:1990+A1:1993+A2:1995+A13:1996 EN 60601-1-2 (2001) USA UL2601
JIS T1001 (1992) and T1002 (1992) Others MDD
IEC60601-1-4 (1996) + Amendment A1(1999) EN ISO 14971 (2000) + A1 (2003)
2.3 Warnings and Precautions The following warnings apply to the SYL9000 Laser and should be observed by all users DO NOT look directly into or at the Laser beam or at specula laser reflections. Direct and reflected laser light can cause permanent eye injury. DO NOT operate the laser unless observers are using the correct protective eyewear. Protection is afforded by using protective eyewear having an optical density of OD5 at 1064 nanometers wavelength. This information must be present on the eyewear. DO NOT use objects, that can readily reflect light, in the vicinity of the Laser beam to avoid reflecting the beam in a hazardous manner. DO NOT use the Laser in the presence of flammable agents as the focused laser beam may cause ignition. There is no AP / APG protection. DO NOT operate the Laser unit without all the cables connected as there is a risk of electric shock from the back panel connectors. Invisible and visible laser radiation is emitted from the Laser aperture during operation of the equipment. DO NOT try to service or repair the laser other than what is included in this manual. Service should only be performed by an authorized agent of the manufacturer. DO NOT use the Laser on a patient without first checking the operation of the Laser and verifying the optical alignment of the treatment YAG Laser to the Aiming beams. ALWAYS use the lowest energy settings possible when treating a patient with the laser and start the treatment at minimum energy. ALWAYS note the “Preset Energy” display when adjusting the Energy and confirm the actual test fire energy is close to the Preset value. DO NOT put the Laser into TREAT mode until ready to operate on the patient.
2.4 Optical Hazards Guidance for the Safe use of Lasers and Systems is found in the IEC standard 60825.1, the USA 21CFR 1040.10, 1040.11 and ANSI Z136.1 - 1986. During normal operation of the SYL9000 YAG Laser the operator is protected from Laser 10
hazards by built in optical absorption filters in the viewing optical path. All other personnel in the area should wear protective eyewear to eliminate the risk of eye injury occurring. When servicing the Laser it is recommended to wear safety glasses of OD5 or greater @ 1064nm to protect your eyes. Viewing through any optical attachments to the Slitlamp is safe for the operators eye because of the built in safety filters. An optical density of at least 5 (five) and 1064nm in wavelength range must be used by any other personnel that are not directly looking through an accessory. The Optical density (OD) and wavelength are marked on safety glasses for example in the following form: OD5 at 1064nm Otherwise the safety glasses are NOT suitable for eye protection. The SYL9000 YAG Laser uses a Class I Laser Diode Aiming beam. The wavelength is 635 nanometers, and the maximum power output is set at the factory to be less than 200 microWatts (W). The maximum safe power that can be visualized by the retina is 390 micro Watts so the delivered beam to the patient is less than this however it is recommended to always use the lowest practical aiming beam intensity during treatments. The SYL9000 YAG Laser has been classified a Class 3B Laser product according to the standards quoted above. This classification is based on the Accessible Emission Limits (AEL) as calculated according to the standards assuming the laser beam energy is delivered through a dilated pupil of diameter 7mm to the posterior capsule surface in the eye. In single pulse operation the maximum energy allowed is 30mJ for a Class 3B Laser. In double pulse operation the maximum cumulative energy allowed is 40mJ. In triple pulse operation the maximum cumulative energy allowed is 45mJ. These limits are calculated according to the CFR 21 regulations as their AEL’s are lower than the IEC 60825. The product then complies to both requirements. The Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance (NOHD) is the distance between the equipment and a persons eye for which the optical energy, from the equipment, entering the dilated pupil of the person will be less than or equal to the maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) as specified in the standards. The calculated NOHD for the SYL9000 YAG Laser at single pulse (nominal) and at triple pulse (maximum) is: Single Pulse Energy = 11 meters Triple Pulse Energy = 20 meters Therefore when the Laser is in single pulse mode all persons that are closer than 11 meters to the equipment should be wearing eye protection and in triple pulse mode all persons that are closer than 20 meters should wear eye protection. These NOHD are calculated assuming that the person would not be using any eye protection. If some eye protection is being used then the distances would require to be recalculated.
2.5 Electrical Hazards The SYL9000 YAG Laser has been designed to comply with International Standards for Medial Electrical equipment. The Laser System is designed to operate with a 3 terminal mains AC voltage supply with the third pin being the Earth or Ground connection.
It is not safe to operate the SYL9000 YAG Laser without an Earth or Ground connection. Risk of electrical shock is possible.
The earth connection provides protection against electrical shock as it provides a path away from the operator or Service person for any fault condition.
2.6 Safety Controls and Features The SYL9000 YAG Laser has been designed to meet the safety features as required by the various standards identified in section 2.2. But in addition, the SYL9000 also includes a number of additional safety features to enhance the safety of the Laser System.
Figure 2.1 Safety Controls 13
The following identifies the various safety features included in the SYL9000: 1. Emergency Stop Switch Should an emergency condition arise, pressing the Emergency Stop button will switch both laser and slit lamp power supplies off. Only when safe, to release the button rotate it in either direction and the button will automatically pop up. 2. Key Switch The Key switch is the main power ON/OFF switch. Rotate the key in a clockwise direction to turn the device ON. When the key is on the ON position the key cannot be removed. The key should be stored in a safe, controlled place when the device is not in use. 3. Power ON Indicator The green lamp located next to the key switch indicates when illuminated, that the power is being applied to the system. 4. Laser Power ON/OFF Switch. With the key switch in the ON position, pressing this button for at least 0.5seconds, the Laser Power ON indicate will illuminate and after approximately 7seconds delay, lase r emissions will be possible. Power is immediately removed when the switch is pushed to turn OFF. By default, whenever power is applied to the system, this switch will be in the OFF state. 5. Laser Power ON Indicator The yellow lamp located next to the Laser ON/OFF switch, when illuminated, indicates that the power is being applied to the Laser electronics. 6. Shutter Attenuator The Laser System is fitted with a mechanical shutter that kept in the closed position by a spring under tension. The shutter blocks the treatment laser beam path unless the system is on TREAT mode and the fire switch is pressed. At this point, the shutter momentarily opens (less than 100ms) to allow the treatment laser pulse through and then shutter closes. At all times, the shutter position is detected by two sensors which are continuously by the microprocessor. 7. Mode Set Switch This press switch toggles the Laser System between the STANDBY and TREAT modes. In the Standby mode the Laser cannot be fired by the Joystick fire-switch and the Shutter is always closed. The Treat mode is only the only mode that will allow external laser emissions. 8. Standby Indicator When this indicator is illuminated, the Laser System is set to STANDBY mode. In the mode, no external emission will be delivered. 9. Treat Indicator When this indicator is illuminated, the Laser System is in the TREAT mode and the Laser energy CAN be delivered to the patient. If none of the Laser System are operated for period of 5mins, the laser System will automatically toggle back to STANDBY mode. 14
10. Remote Door Interlock On the rear of the Control Box there is a connector from which 2 wires can be connected to a switch on the door(s) of the treatment room and wired so that the switch(s) go open circuit if the door is opened. When the connection is broken, by opening the door, a warning tone is sounded and the Laser System will toggle to standby Mode to prevent laser from firing. This is a user installable feature and the manufacturer supplies a connector with the two pins shorted together so that the Laser will function normally if this feature is not utilized. 11. Test Fire Switch Pressing this switch in either STANDBY or TREAT modes, will fire the laser but keeping the shutter closed. The purpose is that it provides the operator a safe way to check the laser’s output energy. The updated energy is displayed on the Display panel. 12. Test Fire Operation Whenever the Energy control is adjusted or the number of pulses is changed the Laser system does an automatic test fire to verify the new Energy level. The Energy is displayed on the Display panel. 13. Joystick Fire switch checks The microprocessor monitors the signal from the fire switch in order to be certain that the switch contact is good. If the fire switch is held down when in TREAT mode for too long the System will go to the Standby mode. Also it is not possible to go to the TREAT mode if the Fire switch is ON. 14. Self Checks On power up, the Laser system of the SYL9000 performs a series of internal checks, displays the software version number as well as firing a several test fires. If the test passes then the Energy of the last shot is displayed and the unit enters Standby mode. If the microcontroller detects that Laser System requires a Voltages Calibrated then it will automatically start this test. If this situation occurs, the Display Panel will show “CAL”. This test takes approximately 10 minutes to perform and should only occur once or twice a year. If during the test, problems are detected, the Laser System will display the appropriate Error message. 15. Other In addition to these particular safety controls there are a number other features that have been designed into the SYL9000 YAG Laser System: All the controls are located so as to prevent the operator inadvertently firing the laser. The Laser System has protective housings on the Laser and optical system to prevent exposure to laser emissions. The protective housings on the entire system are designed to prevent exposure to high voltage shock. Special tools are required to remove the housings and only authorized agents are permitted to remove the housings. There are optical safety filters built into the Laser System to protect the operators eyes from being exposed to the Laser beam when using the equipment. The Laser system has been designed to comply to the Electrical Safety standards for Earth connections and Earth leakages. 15
If the Laser System is not used or no controls are operated for 5 minutes the System will go back to the STANDBY Mode if it was set into the TREAT Mode. If the Operator or User of the Laser holds the Joystick Fire Switch down for longer than 1 second then if the unit was in the TREAT Mode it will jump back into the STANDBY Mode. When the Laser Power Supply is being charged, following a Laser Fire, the TREAT Indicator will momentarily go OFF and the STANDBY Indicator will momentarily go ON to show that the charging function is occurring. The Laser cannot be fired while the Laser Power Supply is being charged.
With all these controls and features the SYL9000 YAG Laser is a very safe instrument when used correctly and as indicated in the Operators Manual.
2.7 Product Labeling All the labels on the SYL9000 YAG Laser comply with the requirements of the various regulatory standards referred to previously. An illustration of all the safety and control labels is shown in the figures 2.2 and 2.3.
Figure 2.2 Safety and Control Labels
EU Authorized Representative
Safety Labels Figure 2.3
Contents 3.1 3.2 3.3
SYL9000 System Specifications CSO 950 Slitlamp Specifications Optional accessories
3.1 SYL9000 System Specification The following are the System Specifications for the SYL9000 Ophthalmic YAG Laser. Treatment Laser Laser Type: Wavelength: Mode Structure: Mode of Operation: Energy Output: Energy Adjustment: Burst Mode: YAG Offset Focus: Pulse Width: Repetition Rate: Air Breakdown: Spot Size: Cone Angle: Focal Length: Ocular Safety Filter: Safety Class: Energy Display accuracy: Aiming Laser Laser Type: Wavelength: Mode of operation: Output power: Power adjustment: Safety Class:
Neodymium Yttrium Aluminum Garnet ( Nd:YAG ) 1064 nm Fundamental Q-switched (CQ-Crystal) Maximum of 45 mJ in Triple pulse mode Nominally 10 mJ maximum in Single pulse mode Continuously variable across full energy range 1, 2 or 3 pulses each burst with the separation between pulses of 20 µs (nominal). Continuously variable from Anterior (-)500µm to Posterior (+)500µm. Detent steps @ 0, +/-150, 250, 500µm 4 ns +/- 2ns 2.5Hz for single pulse Better than 4 mJ 8µm ( FWHM ) 16° 107 mm OD5 at 1064 nm Class 3B Better than +/-20% of actual
Laser diode twin beam 635 nm (Red) Continuous Wave (CW) Maximum of 200µW Continuously variable Class 1
General Electrical Input: Power: Fuse rating: Temperature Range:
Relative Humidity Range: Atmospheric pressure: Cooling System Dimensions (Total) Weight
100-230V AC 50/60Hz Single phase 200VA T3.15 AH250V @ 100-120V AC (Time-Lag) T2.5 AH250V @ 200-230V AC (Time-Lag) Transport: -10 to 70°C Operating: 20 to 40°C Storage: -10 to 55°C Operating: 30% -85% non-condensing Storage and Transport: up to 95% non-condensing Operating: 800-1060 mbar Storage and Transport: 500-1060 mbar Air convection 520mm(H) x 320mm(W) x 450mm(D) 21 Kg (System) 28 Kg (Packed)
Slitlamp Type : Specially altered CSO 950 to include Laser system in the binocular arm.
3.2 CSO 950 Slitlamp Specifications The following are the Slitlamp Specifications for the CSO 950 Slitlamp that is used in the SYL9000 YAG Laser System. Microscope: Magnification Set: Eyepiece: Magnification Ratio: PD Range: Diopter Adjustment: Real Fields of View: Slit Illumination: Slit Width: Slit Length: Slit Apertures: Slit Angles: Filters:
Galilean 5 Step Drum Rotation 12.5X 6X, 10X, 16X, 25X, 40X 55 - 75mm +/-8D 5.2 - 40mm 6V 20W Halogen Lamp 0 - 13mm 2 – 12.5mm 0.3, 6, 10, 13mm and continuous 0° - 180° Red Free (Green) Heat Absorbing Cobalt Blue 0 - 600,000 Lux
Movement Ranges Longitudinal (In/Out): Lateral (Left/Right): Vertical (Up/Down): Chin Rest Range
90mm 105mm 30mm 80mm
Non-Eurpoean Customers The following accessories can be purchased from the Distributor to use with the SYL9000 YAG Laser Product. The accessories are only available for customers outside the EU Countries due to the requirements for CE Marking and the manufacturer not having control over the use of the attachments that are available and their indications for use. Item Abraham Capsultomy Lens Abraham Iridectomy Lens Bearing Plate for Tonometer mounting (Type T900) Beam Splitter for YAG Laser Observation Microscope for Assistant (use with Beam Splitter) 870Z Tonometer mount Adapter for video camera (Requires P/N 600022) Adapter for camera (Requires P/N 600022) Motorized Table with central drive column (Includes Top) Motorized Table with side drive column (for wheelchair access) Safety glasses OD5 @ 1064nm
Part Number 600036 600035 600027 600022 600023 600163 600025 600024 600015 600016 620001
The following are spare part accessories: Item Slitlamp Bulb, 6 Volt 20 Watt, type HLX64250 Slitlamp Bulb, 6 Volt 20 Watt, type HLX64251 Fixation Lamp Bulb for Chinrest Chinrest Papers Model Eye Kit Model Eye Membranes (bag of 25)
Part Number 240013 240012 240014 600026 YL0508 540010
European Customers The following accessories are available for use within the EU Countries however the physician must ensure that the indications for use of the attachments that fit to these adapters are satisfactory. The manufacturer assumes no responsibility for use of the SYL9000 when used with any attachments. The user should ensure that any attachments used have the CE Mark applied and are approved for use within the EU Countries.
Item Bearing Plate for Tonometer mounting (Type T900) Beam Splitter for YAG Laser Observation Microscope for Assistant (use with Beam Splitter) 870Z Tonometer mount Adapter for video camera (Requires P/N 600022) Adapter for camera (Requires P/N 600022)
P/N: 240013 Type HLX64250
Part Number 600027 600022 600023 600163 600025 600024
P/N: 240012 Type HLX64251
Use these drawings to help identify the correct lamp for your Slitlamp Figure 3.1
Section 4. PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION Contents 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4
General Description Ophthalmic YAG Laser Controls and Displays CSO 950 Slitlamp Controls Start Up and Operation of the Laser System
4.1 General Description The SYL9000 is an Ophthalmic YAG Laser that has been designed for performing Posterior Capsulotomy, Pupillary Membranectomy and Iridotomy procedures. The YAG Laser has a wavelength of 1064 nanometers (nm) which is in the near infrared spectrum and is invisible to the human eye. The word LASER is an acronym for “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation”. The light from a Laser has particular characteristics which make it a valuable tool for medical applications.
The beam from a laser is Collimated which means that the beam does not diverge and can maintain a constant diameter over a long distance. This means that the Laser beam can be focused to a very small spot with high energy and power densities.
The beam is Monochromatic which means that it is a single wavelength beam and therefore the effects of the beam on tissue are very predictable and reproducible.
The light waves are coherent which means they are in phase with each other and do not interfere and generate losses in energy.
Because the YAG Laser beam is invisible the SYL9000 YAG Laser uses a twin beam Red aiming laser system to provide a means of focusing the YAG beam on the tissue. The Laser systems are housed in a specially designed Slitlamp which has been adapted for use as a Laser delivery system. All the normal functions of a Slitlamp are available to the operator. When the system is being used as an Ophthalmic YAG Laser to perform a capsulotomy or membranectomy procedure the physician will normally use a contact lens in order to direct the Laser energy to the part of the eye being treated. The contact lens also helps to hold the eye still and open during the procedure. The physician will normally turn the Laser System ON and check its operation before positioning the patient in the Chinrest and adjusting to the correct height. After selecting a low energy setting the physician can view the patients eye and after confirming that the indications 23
and contraindications permit the procedure then the Laser can be put in the TREAT mode and by viewing the Aiming beams on the posterior surface of the capsule the laser can be focused correctly and then using the joystick fire switch the laser can be fired in order to put a hole in the capsule. Several laser shots will normally be required in order to produce a large enough hole in the posterior capsule to give clear vision to the patient. All of the controls and displays on the Laser System are used by the physician in order to prepare the laser for the procedure and ensure that normal operating conditions are occurring. For full details on Clinical Use see Section 6 of this manual. _________________________________________________________________________ The following paragraphs give a general description of the operation of the Laser System. The Laser System generates a focused light beam of the wavelength 1064 nanometers (nm) at the same focal plane as the Slitlamp. This Laser beam has a spot size of approximately 8 microns and its energy is adjustable and selected by the Operator. The focused Laser energy will create a small plasma effect ( or spark ) in the eye media which in turn causes an acoustic wave that can disrupt or create a hole in the adjacent tissue. This is commonly called the Opto-acoustic effect.
YAG Laser Focusing for Treatment Figure 4.1
The size of the plasma effect is directly proportional to the amount of energy in the focused Laser beam. Therefore as the energy is increased the plasma will also increase and this then generates a stronger, more powerful acoustic wave which can make larger holes in the tissue. This stronger acoustic wave can also damage the Intra-ocular lens (IOL) if the plasma effect is focused too close to the IOL. Therefore to prevent this happening it is important to focus the Laser beam more posterior or further away from the tissue that is to be disrupted when increasing the Laser energy. This avoids damaging the IOL and also gives the best and most effective disruption effect on the tissue. When the Laser energy is reduced then the effect is the reverse of the above so the focus needs to be brought closer to the tissue. In the SYL9000 the Treatment Laser beam is normally defocused posterior to the Aiming beams (Slitlamp focal plane) by a fixed distance. This distance has been set to provide the optimum tissue effect at energies of 1.0 to 1.5 milli-joules (mJ) which is the typical settings for posterior capsulotomy procedures. In the SYL9000 the Treatment Laser beam focus is adjustable by a Control that is located on the left hand side of the Laser Arm. The focus can be set by the Doctor to the most appropriate offset according to the Energy set and the procedure that is being carried out. The (+) or Posterior offset sets the YAG Laser treatment beam posterior or behind the Aiming beams (Slitlamp focal plane) by the setting as indicated on the control. The Control is calibrated in micrometers µm (microns). The (-) or Anterior offset sets the YAG Laser treatment beam anterior or in front of the Aiming beams (Slitlamp focal plane) by the setting as indicated on the control. As a guide, for Posterior Capsulotomy procedures this offset should be set to around 150µm for Energies of 1.0 to 1.5 milli-joules (mJ). As the Energy is increased the offset is increased accordingly. The Doctor should always start with a lower energy setting and larger offset to ensure that no damage is caused to the IOL. Remember that a larger offset will mean that there is less effect on the capsule surface so it is important not to have too much offset such that a higher energy is used than necessary. The Treatment Laser beam is invisible to our eyes so a visible red Aiming beam system is used to allow precise positioning of the Treatment Laser beam. The Aiming system originates from a Red laser diode which is split into two collimated beams that are then focused such that they are parfocal to the Slitlamp and coaxial with the Treatment Laser beam. This means that the Aiming beams focus together exactly at the focal plane for the Slitlamp and the centre point for the Aiming beams and Treatment Laser beams are the same at the focal plane of the Slitlamp. The intensity of the Aiming beams is set by the small knob on the right hand side of the Slitlamp Arm near the display. Note: It is recommended that the lowest effective treatment Laser energy be used to perform Opto-acoustic procedures as a means of minimizing unwanted side effects such as IOL damage or retinal damage. Always start the procedure at the minimum energy. Also, where a larger YAG Laser offset focus may reduce the likelihood of IOL damage, this needs to be considered carefully such that an unnecessarily high energy is not used to overcome the larger offset. (Refer to Indications for use Section 6.3 of this manual for further warnings.)
The SYL9000 YAG Laser System consists of two main parts; 1.
The base is called the Control Box and in here are the power supplies and mains power switches. Also the Slitlamp Illumination controls are on the front panel of the Control Box. The Chinrest is fixed to the rear of the Control Box.
The Slitlamp is mounted on top of the Control Box and in the Arm of the Slitlamp are all of the optical modules including the Laser beams, Energy adjuster and the control and Display circuits. On the front panel of the Arm are 4 switches which are used to set the operating modes of the Laser System.
Mains power must be connected to the Laser System then when the key-switch is turned ON (with the Emergency switch in the out or ON position) the Slitlamp Illumination is turned on. The power on indicator should be illuminated and in this mode of operation the Slitlamp can be used as a standard diagnostic instrument. The CSO 950 has all the functions of a standard Slitlamp and a full range of accessories are available for use with it if required. All the electronics and laser functions will not operate in this mode. To turn ON the electronics in order to set and use the Laser functions the Laser ON/OFF switch must be pressed. When this switch is turned on there is an indicator lamp which comes on and then the displays on the front panel of the Slitlamp Arm will turn on. The System controller performs some internal checks and some Laser test shots are fired to verify the correct operation of the Laser. All the operating conditions are shown on the display and the switches can be used to change operating modes or perform functions. The display shows the Energy selected, number of Pulses set, accumulated number of pulses and energy and the MODE of operation. The MODE of operation is an important display. When the Laser ON/OFF switch is turned ON then the mode, “STANDBY” is automatically selected. This prevents any accidental firing of the Treatment Laser by disabling the fire switch and keeping the internal mechanical shutter, that is in the beam path, closed. By pressing the Mode Switch the system is set into the “TREAT” mode of operation. The fire switch and shutter are now enabled and if the fire switch is pressed then the shutter opens momentarily to allow the Treatment beam to be delivered from the front of the Slitlamp Arm through the objective (or focusing) lens. The “STANDBY” mode can be selected by pressing the Mode Switch again. It is recommended that prior to going into the Treat Mode, all operating conditions, such as patient positioning, energy selection, number of pulses and Slitlamp Illumination be set correctly. This prevents the likelihood of accidental firing of the treatment laser during the set up steps. On either side of the Slitlamp Arm are large knobs which are used to control the energy level of the delivered Treatment Laser beam. Whenever these knobs are rotated, the Energy display changes to indicate the Preset new energy setting. When the adjustment has been made then a test fire is initiated and this energy is then displayed. When a test fire is made the energy is not delivered through the system because the mechanical shutter is closed preventing any energy 26
from being delivered. On the shutter there are sensors which the controller uses to ensure the shutter is in its correct position at all times otherwise an error condition will occur.
Whenever the Treatment Laser is fired the energy of the shot is measured and displayed. An audible beep is sounded to indicate to the Operator that a Laser shot has been fired. If the delivered Laser Energy has changed by more than 20% from the previous treatment shot then a short burst of 3 beeps will sound to warn the Operator to check the Laser Energy. If the System is in the TREAT mode then the accumulated pulses and energy displays are incremented and the laser can be fired again in around 1 second. In the case of an emergency the Red Emergency Switch can be pushed to turn off all power. Normally power can be turned off using the key-switch. The key should not be left in the key-switch when the Laser System is unattended.
4.2 Ophthalmic YAG Laser Controls and Displays All the Controls and Displays for the SYL9000 YAG Laser are located either on the Control Box front panel or the Laser head arm / display panel. The following figure 4.2 shows all of these controls and displays and then there is a description following.
Figure 4.2 YAG Laser Controls and Displays Item 1
Feature Emergency Stop Switch
Description This switch is provided to enable a fast response shutdown of the Laser System in the event of some serious problem occurring. It is a RED push switch that locks down when pushed and in this position all power to the internal parts is removed. The switch must be rotated to reset to the ON position. 28
Feature Key Switch
Description The key switch is the main power ON/OFF switch. The power can only be turned on by inserting the key and rotating clockwise to the ON position. In the ON position the key cannot be removed. The key should be stored in a safe, controlled place. Power ON Indicator A green lamp indicates that the power is turned on to the system. Laser Power This press switch applies power to the internal electronics so that ON/OFF Switch the Laser system including the Aiming Laser turns on. There is a built in delay to operate this switch ON. This means that the user has to push the switch for at least 0.5 seconds to make the electronics turn on. Power is removed immediately when the switch is pushed to turn OFF. Whenever the power is turned ON to the system this switch is in the OFF condition. Laser power ON A yellow lamp located next to the Laser ON/OFF switch Indicator indicates that the power is turned on to the Laser electronics Mode Set Switch This press switch toggles the Laser System between the STANDBY and TREAT modes. In the Standby mode the Laser cannot be fired by the Joystick fire switch and the Shutter is always closed. The Treat mode is only used when the operator wants to deliver a pulse of laser energy to the patient and in this mode the Joystick switch is enabled and the shutter will open. Standby Indicator When this indicator is illuminated the Laser System is in the Standby mode and the Laser energy CANNOT be delivered to the patient. Treat Indicator When this indicator is illuminated the Laser System is in the Treat mode and the Laser energy CAN be delivered to the patient. Test Fire Switch This press switch can be used in either the Standby or Treat modes to fire the laser. The Shutter is always closed during the test fire and this features allows checking of operation and Energy levels. The Energy is displayed on the Display panel Pulses Set This switch when pressed advances the number of pulses that the Switch Laser will deliver in burst mode. When the Laser is first turned ON only 1 (single) Pulse mode is selected. Pressing the switch once will advance to 2 (double) Pulse mode and pressing again will advance to 3 (triple) Pulse mode. Pressing again will return back to 1 (single) Pulse mode. Whenever the Pulse mode is changed the laser does a test fire to measure and display the new Energy level. The number of Pulses selected is displayed on the Pulses display. Pulses Display This LED indicates the number of pulses that will be delivered whenever the YAG Laser is fired. This display will change whenever the Pulses Set Switch is pressed 29
Feature Energy Display
Totals Reset Switch
Joystick fire switch
Slitlamp Illumination intensity adjuster Slitlamp Illumination Boost Switch Aiming Beam Intensity Control
Energy Adjustment Control
Description This 7-segment display shows the measured Energy level of the YAG Laser. This display is also used to indicate the approximation of the selected energy whenever the Energy adjustment control is changed. Whenever the Laser System is in TREAT mode and the Laser is fired with the Joystick switch these Displays increment to record / display the Total number of pulses delivered and the Total energy delivered. The displays are always reset to zero when the Laser System is switched ON. This switch can be used to reset both the Totals displays to zero. This reset would be done between patients and also would be done after doing performance and operating checks before using the Laser on patients. When this switch is pressed and the Laser System is in the TREAT mode a pulse or burst of pulses will be delivered from the Laser unit. The fire switch must not be held down in the ON position otherwise the microprocessor will detect this and put the Laser System back into the Standby Mode. Also if the Fire Switch is pressed in Standby Mode it is impossible to go into the TREAT Mode. This provides control over the brightness of the Illumination lamp in the Slitlamp. This switch can be used by the physician to momentarily provide maximum illumination to the patients eye. This control is not intended to be used for long periods of time. Located on the Right hand side of the Laser head arm this control provides continuous adjustment over the intensity of the Aiming beam spots. At minimum intensity there is still some illumination of the Aiming beams. Located on either side of the Laser head arm are the two knobs which provide the means to adjust the energy level of the YAG Laser. Because the YAG Laser always fires at its maximum energy level this control actually attenuates down the delivered energy, optically. When this control is adjusted the microprocessor displays an approximation of the selected energy on the ENERGY display located on the Front Panel display. When the adjustment has been made then the Laser performs a test shot to measure the actual energy and then this is also displayed.
Feature YAG Laser Focus Offset Control
Description Located on the left hand side of the Laser Arm is a control that allows the YAG treatment laser beam focus point to be adjusted posterior (+) or anterior (-) to the Aiming beams focus. This control needs to be set by the doctor to the most appropriate offset for the procedure being carried out. In general Posterior Capsulotomy and Membranectomy procedures will use the Posterior offset and Iridotomy procedures will use Anterior offset. Zero offset means that the YAG Laser beam is set to the same focus plane as the Aiming beams and Slitlamp illumination.
4.3 CSO 950 Slitlamp Controls
Figure 4.3 CSO 950 Slitlamp Controls
Feature Joystick arm
Eyepiece focus ring
Magnification Adjuster Slit rotation Collar
Slit width control Illumination Aperture Wheel
Illumination Filter wheel
Chinrest Height adjuster Locking screw for Illumination Tower Locking screw for Laser head arm Locking screw for Base Lamp housing ring Target Rod
13 14 15
Description The joystick provides control over the horizontal and vertical movements of the Slitlamp. Rotating it adjusts the vertical height. Both eyepieces have this adjustment which gives a +/-8 Dioptre adjustment to the viewing focus. Always adjust for focus going in a negative direction The viewing field can have different magnifications set by rotating this control. Magnifications of 6X, 10X, 16X, 25X, 40X When this collar is rotated the Illumination Slit is rotated through a maximum of 180 Degrees. At the center detent position the Slit is vertical. On either side of the Illumination tower is a control knob which can be used to change the width of the Slit. This wheel has different size apertures machined in it and this then provides control over the size of the Illumination spot and the slit height This wheel has 4 settings and provides 4 different colors settings for the Illumination. The settings give Blue, Red free, Heat absorbing and natural colors This mark indicates the ideal height for positioning the patients eye in order to be able to use the full vertical adjustment range of the Slitlamp The physician will use this lamp as a reference source for the patient to look at while being looked at by the physician This control can be used to raise or lower the patients head in order to align their eye to the canthus mark on the Chinrest post. This screw locks the rotation movement of the tower
This screw locks the rotation movement of the Laser head arm
This screw locks the horizontal movement of the base. This should always be locked when the laser unit is not in use This ring holds the Illumination Lamp in place. If the Lamp has to be replaced then this ring is undone to gain access to the lamp. This target rod is inserted into the Slitlamp in order to set the eyepiece oculars and to inspect or check the Slit Illumination. The Rod cannot be used to check the Laser operation and must be removed from the Slitlamp before proceeding to use the Laser System in any way.
4.4 Start up and operation of the Laser System In Section 6 of this manual, Clinical Use, there is detailed information on how to turn the Laser unit ON, make adjustments to both the Slitlamp and the Laser System and then operate the laser. The following is a Start up procedure for the Laser system. Note: The SYL9000 YAG Laser is a Class 3B Laser unit and can be hazardous to the user and other persons in the vicinity of the Laser. Before turning the laser ON read and understand the warnings that apply to this instrument that are contained in Section 2 of this manual. Start up procedure: 1.
Make sure all cables are correctly connected to the Laser unit.
Plug the mains cable into an Earthed (3 Pin) mains socket outlet.
Get the key for the unit from the responsible person who is in charge of it.
Insert the key and then turn ON the keyswitch. Note that the Emergency Switch must be in the ON (out) position. The Slitlamp Illumination will turn ON.
Adjust the Slitlamp Illumination controls to the required settings (Intensity, Color, Slit, Aperture).
Press the Laser ON/OFF switch to turn on the Laser System.
At this time test shots are fired and the version of software, displays and error conditions are displayed. Pressing the Laser ON/Off switch again will turn OFF the Laser System but leave the Slitlamp ON.
If everything is OK then the Laser System will go to the Standby mode, in single pulse mode and will display the Laser energy that is currently set.
NOTE: Should the system at any time detect an error condition, the system will shut down to a safe state and display an error message (code) on the display. If an error message is display, initially try turning the system off then on again to see if the error condition is resolved. Occasionally the message “CAL” maybe displayed after this action. If this occurs, the system is performing a self check which will take approximately 10minutes to perform. If the error message condition does not clear, the please contact your service representative as your system requires a service. 9.
At this time the Aiming beam intensity and the YAG Laser energy can be adjusted and, as well as the YAG Laser offset focus can be adjusted to the required levels by rotating the controls that are located on the sides of the Laser head arm. Always start at the minimum settings with the YAG offset focus set to the most appropriate for the intended procedure.
NOTE: When using the Laser System on a patient always set the Aiming beam intensity and the YAG laser energy to the lowest setting possible before positioning the patient or starting to carry out the procedure. 10. When the laser is in the Standby Mode the Joystick fire switch and the shutter will not 34
operate so the YAG Laser energy cannot be delivered from the objective lens. The laser can only be fired by pressing the TEST switch on the Display panel. By pressing this switch the Laser energy can be checked for each shot fired on the Energy Display. 11. As well as adjusting the YAG Energy Control knob the YAG Laser can also be set in either single, double or triple pulse mode by pressing the PULSE SET switch. Setting these modes means that for one fire switch operation there will be either one pulse or a train of two or three pulses together. The energy of the train of pulses will be summed together on the Energy Display. 12. Whenever the Pulse mode is changed or the YAG Energy level is adjusted the YAG Laser will do a Test fire and then show the new Energy level on the Energy Display. 13. To check the correct operation and alignment of the lasers it is necessary to carry out some simple procedures. These procedures are detailed in Section 7 of this manual. The procedures that should be carried out are: A. Air breakdown check The YAG energy is set to maximum in single pulse and the Laser System is set to TREAT Mode. Make sure the Illumination Tower is not in line with the objective lens and that all people present are wearing safety glasses then press the joystick fire switch and you should observe as small “spark” in midair at the focus point of the system. When the Laser is new this Air breakdown will occur at less than 4 millijoules (mJ). B. YAG Laser Alignment check The YAG Laser beam must be aligned to the Aiming beams and they should both be in the central region of the Illuminated field of view. The clip on Target Plate should be fitted to the Chinrest and have some Thermal Paper stuck to it. Focus the Illumination spot, set to the 10mm Aperture, on the target plate and then finely adjust the Aiming beams until they are on top of each other on the target. Set to minimum YAG Energy and in TREAT mode fire one shot on to the target plate and then check that the YAG beam and Aiming beams are centred to each other and that they both are close to the centre of the Illumination Spot. If the beams are NOT aligned then the Laser must not be used until a full optical alignment procedure is carried out by a service person. It is also necessary to check the Offset alignment. Set to minimum YAG Energy, zero YAG offset focus and in TREAT mode fire one shot on to the target plate and then check that the YAG beam and Aiming beams are centred to each other and that they both are close to the centre of the Illumination Spot. Adjust the YAG Laser focus to +500µm offset and finely adjust the Aiming beams to a new place on the Target and again at minimum energy fire the Laser. The YAG beam burn mark should still be in the center of the Aiming beams but should now be a large diameter. Repeat at the –500µm offset and the burn should again be a larger diameter burn. If the Beams are NOT aligned or if the burn marks are not larger when the offset is at the + or – settings then the Laser must not be used until a full optical alignment procedure is carried out by a service person.
14. Because the YAG Laser beam is invisible the position of it can only be set by using the Aiming beams. To do this, inside the laser system, two beams of equal intensity are generated and then delivered through the objective lens to the focus plane. By moving the Slitlamp joystick backwards and forwards and observing the target plate the Aiming beams will go from two spots through to a single spot when they are at the focal plane. When they are set to a single spot the Laser is set to the correct focus point. 15. After operation of the unit is finished then the Laser System can be turned OFF using the key-switch. Remove the key and return it to the responsible person. 16. Cover the unit with the Dust Cover provided and turn OFF the mains power or disconnect the mains cable from the outlet socket.
Section 5. INSTALLATION Contents 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5
Introduction and Requirements Unpacking and Receiving Inspection Equipment and Tool Requirements Unpacking and Setting Up the System Installation Checklist and Report
5.1 Introduction and Requirements It is strongly recommended that the manufacturer or its authorized agent install the SYL9000 Laser System at the Operators site to ensure that the System is operating correctly, aligned and calibrated according to specification. After this initial installation it is the Operators responsibility to ensure the Laser System is operating correctly when ever the Laser is moved or relocated. The following procedures should be followed in order to successfully install the Laser System. The checklist and report form should be completed and a copy sent to the manufacturer. In the event that the report is not sent to the manufacturer then the manufacturer reserves the right to decline any warranty claims that may be forthcoming. The installer should also retain a copy and the customer may request a copy also. The installation requirements are: 1. 100-230 Volts, 50 or 60Hz AC mains power supply with an earth connection. 2. A motorized stand with table or a fixed table top to place the Laser System on top of. If a fixed height table is to be used then it is advisable to use chairs that are easily height adjustable so as to be able to comfortably position the patient in the Chinrest. 3. A mains power cable for the system is supplied but the plug may not suit the available outlet available. If it does not, it is recommended that a suitably qualified and authorized person fit the appropriate plug for your outlet. 4. A suitable room to place the Laser System in that provides for a safe working environment is required. As with other ophthalmic equipment a dimly lit room is preferred. 5. The Laser System has the facility to connect a remote door interlock to the Laser treatment room. If this option is required then the customer must organize this with an electrician and the manufacturer or authorized agent can provide instructions on how to connect to the Laser System. The Laser System is provided with a Bypass plug in the event that this option is not installed. Do not remove this Bypass connector unless you intend to install the remote door interlock switches at the site. Removing the connector will prevent the Laser from operating. 6. Where the User requires moving the Laser system to a new location it is recommended to lock all the movement screws and carefully transport to the new location. If the new location is at a different facility then the User should consider repackaging the Laser 37
system in its original foam packing prior to moving to the new site. This will help to prevent any damage occurring to the System. When the relocation is completed then the correct operation and functioning of the Laser system should be performed according to the following steps in this section and sections 6.1 and 6.2 of this Operator Manual.
5.2 Unpacking and Receiving Inspection The Laser System is supplied packed in a strong cardboard carton. Inside this carton are 3 separate boxes and each one contains one of the Laser Systems assemblies. Refer to figures 5.1 and 5.2.
Figure 5.1 Packaging Carton
STEP 1: Remove the slitlamp and laser System along with it foam packing by the straps.
Te l : 8
- 2 - 2 6 8 8 86
c o m
e l i g h t m
STEP 2: Remove the Chinrest and its foam packing from the carton.
STEP 3: Remove the Control Box and power cable from the form.
Figure 5.2 Steps to follow when removing the Laser System from its Packing Carton
Upon receiving the system inspect the Packing Cardboard Carton for any signs of mishandling which must be reported to the freight handler before the instrument is unpacked. If there is damage then the manufacturer reserves the right to decline any warranty claims that may be forthcoming so it is essential that the freight company accepts responsibility for any damages. If the external carton packaging is OK then you can proceed to remove the 3 individually packed assemblies. The contents of each assembly are: 1.
The top part contains the Slitlamp and Laser Arm unit complete, binoculars, eyepieces, target rod, target plate, cross-slide shaft and gears, gear covers, spare lamp, spare fuses, and some tools for assembly.
The middle part contains the Chinrest assembly, Operator Manual, Dust cover and Laser system documents.
The bottom part contains the Control Box, Mains power cable, and the keys for the keyswitch.
Open each part and confirm the contents. Refer to the packing check list for reference.
5.3 Tools and Equipment In order to be able to effectively carry out a full initial installation of the Laser System the following tools and equipment are required and available from the manufacturer; 1.
Laser Energy Meter (to measure 0 - 40 milli-Joules Q-switched)
Optical Alignment tool kit which includes: Magnifier offset tool Model Eye Laser target tool
Photographic thermal paper ( Zap-it or equivalent )
Set of metric Allen keys
Standard tools such as screwdrivers
If the SYL9000 Laser System is to be used as a Portable System and it needs to be relocated at various times then the tools necessary in order to assemble and disassemble are supplied with the YAG Laser.
5.4 Unpacking and Setting Up the System 1.
Place the Control Box on the table top then remove the 3 cable plates from the top of the Box.
Remove the Slitlamp from its box and install the crosslide shaft by removing one of the gears then sliding the shaft through and then refitting the gear.
Carefully place the Slitlamp on top of the Control Box with a cable going to each side. Make sure the Slitlamp is square to the top and when OK fit the two gear covers. Make sure the cables are positioned so that they do not rub unnecessarily on the cable plates when the Slitlamp is being moved. See Figure 5.5.
Refit the 3 cable plates to the Control Box top then move the Slitlamp to its fully forward position in the center of the Control Box. Make sure the two cables are looped without any tension on the side plates then move the Slitlamp sideways to make sure the movement is smooth.
Set the positions of the cables and when they are OK attach the connectors on to the back panel of the Control Box. There are three connectors to be fitted. (The Interlock Bypass connector should already be in place) and then attach the Earth Wire from the Slitlamp Laser Arm to the terminal on the back panel and make sure the screw is tight.
Now the Chinrest can be attached to the back of the Control Box. When this is fitted it also clamps the cables from the Slitlamp Laser Arm in the Slots on the top plate. Therefore it is essential to get the cables to lay correctly before fixing the Chinrest. See Figures 5.4 and 5.5
Plug the cable from the Chinrest fixation lamp in to the connector on the back panel of the Control Box.
Fit the binoculars and eyepieces to the Slitlamp Laser head.
Attach the Mains power cable to the socket on the back of the Control Box.
10. If a remote door interlock is to be used then the connector can be plugged into the Control Box instead of the Bypass plug. 11. The Laser System can now be plugged into the mains power outlet and the system can be turned ON. 12. For full details of how to operate the Slitlamp and Laser System refer to Sections 6.1 and 6.2 of this manual. In these sections are full descriptions and some functional checks to be performed and these are required to be done during the installation.
Assembly of YAG Laser System Figure 5.3
Assembly of YAG Laser System Figure 5.4
Positioning the Slitlamp Cables Figure 5.5
Exploded View of SYL9000 for Installation Figure 5.6
5.5 Installation Checklist and Report
Installation Record Sheet Model: SYL9000
Serial Number: _________________
All parts received and checked OK.
No damage to instrument packaging.
Assemble Slitlamp Arm to Control Box.
Adjust cables then attach cable plates / covers.
Plug in cables to Control Box.
Attach Chinrest to Control Box.
Finish System assembly.
Illumination Lamp Controls OK.
4 filter wheel settings check OK.
With Slit fully open 5 Aperture settings OK (13, 10, 6, 0.3, and adjustable).
With 13mm Aperture Set, Slit fully open get full circular spot.
Slit is fully adjustable to closed position.
When slit is closed there is no Illumination showing.
Set narrow slit and check slit rotation + 90oround vertical.
With Target Rod inserted confirm eyepieces can be adjusted fully and set to correct oculars.
Check that eyepieces fit firmly into binoculars.
2.10 Binoculars can be adjusted for intrapulpillary distance (PD). 2.11 Check Slitlamp movements with joystick: (a)
Vertical adjustment range OK.
Sideways adjustment range OK.
Forwards adjustment range OK.
Movements should be smooth. 45
Page 1 of 2
Tick for OK
Installation Record Sheet 2.12 Illumination Tower and Laser Arm can be swung from side to side OK. 3.0
Chinrest is not loose in anyway.
Chinrest height is adjustable up / down and movement is smooth.
Fixation lamp is operating OK.
Fixation lamp can be rotated from side to side OK.
Handles are fixed firmly to posts.
Laser System Checks
Laser Power ON indicator is on when switch is pressed.
Laser System does test shots at Start up.
System Software version is displayed during test shots. Software version is ___________
Confirm that no Error messages are displayed.
There should be a Display of the system energy and when the Energy is adjusted this display should change to indicate the new energy setting.
All Display Panel controls, switches and displays are functioning.
The two Aiming beams are visible and their intensity is adjustable.
Perform the Air breakdown check ( Section 7.2 part 3 ). Record Minimum Air breakdown energy level ___________mJ
Perform the Laser beams alignment check ( Section 7.2 part 4 ).
4.10 The YAG Laser offset control is functioning ( Section 7.2 part 4 ). 4.11 Perform the Energy meter check and calibration procedure. Installers Name:
Date: (MM/DD/YY) (Send this Installation Report to the Manufacturer immediately.)
Page 2 of 2
Section 6. CLINICAL USE Contents 6.1 6.2 6.3
Use of the System as a Slitlamp Microscope Use as an Ophthalmic YAG Laser Indications for Use
6.1 Use of the SYL9000 System as a Slitlamp Microscope The System can be used as a Slitlamp Microscope very safely due to the inclusion of the Laser ON/OFF switch. When this switch is turned OFF and the Key-switch and Emergency switches are both ON the Slitlamp Illumination Lamp is turned ON and in this mode the Slitlamp can be used safely because the Electronics and Laser units are turned OFF. Therefore to operate the system as a Slitlamp Microscope follow these instructions. 1.
Connect the SYL9000 to the mains power and turn the power ON.
Turn the key-switch to the ON position (The Emergency Switch must be ON, which is the pulled out position). The Power ON indicator should be ON.
The Illumination Lamp will now be ON and its intensity can be adjusted using the controls on the front panel of the Control Box. The Boost switch is only intended for intermittent use and continuous use will shorten lamp life.
(1) Insert the Target rod in the pivot post of the instrument and adjust the eyepieces to the examiners Pupillary Distance (PD). Then adjust the focus of the eyepieces to the examiner’s refractive error by turning the eyepiece focusing ring in a negative direction. The corrective powers are engraved in diopters on the eyepieces. Remove the focusing rod when the settings are made. (2) Insert the Target rod in the pivot post of the instrument, set the 16X magnification and then adjust the eyepieces to the examiners Pupillary Distance (PD). Then adjust the focus of the eyepieces to the examiner’s refractive error by turning the eyepiece focusing ring in a negative direction. The corrective powers are engraved in diopters on the eyepieces. Remove the focusing rod when the settings are made.
Adjust the height of the chin rest by turning the chin rest height control knob until the patient’s canthus is in line with the canthus mark on the headrest post.
The microscope’s height is adjusted by rotating the joystick handle and observing the slit image through the microscope until the slit is centred on the patient’s cornea.
Move the slit lamp with the joystick held firmly and slightly inclined toward the operator, until the slit appears sharply on the cornea. The ball foot will slide on its base. The accuracy of this rough adjustment is checked by the naked eye. The fine adjustment is now done while observing the slit through the microscope.
Tilt the joystick, which is now held lightly at its upper end, until the slit appears sharply at the depth of the eye which is to be observed. The horizontal motion of the base can be locked by tightening the base locking screw. Lock the base whenever the Slitlamp is not in use. 47
The slit width can be adjusted by rotating the slit width control on either side of the Illumination Tower.
10. The angle between the illumination system and the microscope can be varied between 0o and 90o to either the left or to the right. The angle is indicated on the scale of the Laser head arm. 11. Slit rotation is achieved by twisting the collar on the tower to the left or right. The degree of rotation is indicated by the scale above the rotation collar. 12. Magnification is altered by rotating the Control on the Magnifier head. The magnifications are indicated on the dial and the positions are also click stopped. 13. When the Illumination locking screw is loosened, the slit can be scanned away from the center of the field of vision for retro-illumination, scleral scatter, etc. The slit lamp is centered again by aligning the pointer to the centering line and retightening the screw. ADJUSTING SLIT WIDTH The slit width is varied by rotating the slit width control on either side of the instrument. ADJUSTING SLIT LENGTH The slit length is adjusted by rotating the Aperture wheel. The wheel has five stops for adjustments of 13, 10, 6 and 0.3mm diameter and a continuous length adjustment. FILTERS The Filter wheel has four positions which are color coded as follows: Blue Mark
Cobalt blue filter
Heat absorbing filter
Red free filter
6.2 Use as an Ophthalmic YAG Laser To use the SYL9000 System as an Ophthalmic YAG Laser the operation of the Slitlamp must first be followed and then the Laser ON/OFF switch can be pressed to turn on the Power supply to the Electronics and the Laser units. To start up the YAG laser and check its operation and function before using on a patient follow these instructions.
NOTE: Before using the SYL9000 YAG Laser on a patient follow these instructions and make sure as an operator of the equipment that you are familiar with the indications and contra-indications for use of the Laser. Read section 6.3 Clinical Guidelines and also fully understand the safety aspects of the Laser system as described in Section 2 of this manual. 48